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Baudelaire explains earlier that Monsieur G. For Baudelaire, the cosmetic element of reality coupled with the accurate representation of reality allows for low culture, and not just aristocratic society and manners, to be encapsulated by modernity. In the same way, modernity does not intend to capture the natural reality, but rather the constructed reality, which, in its very definition, surpasses the natural, for Baudelaire.
Works Cited Baudelaire, Charles. Jonathan Mayne.
The Painter of Modern Life and Other Essays
London: Phaidon, I suppose this gets me to the question of realism, which I will go into in greater depth in our next class meeting. These are also silences, of a kind, in that ideology is that which does not have to be spoken, because it is assumed to be true and unquestionable. Or, as Clark points out, ideology is such that our obligatory syntax, our modes of saying, do not allow us to even formulate the question. Realist representation takes for granted that there is a one-to-one relationship between an object and its representation, between a signfied and its signifier, and that the modes we use to create meaning are natural and incorruptible.
The debates about form that we will discuss in our readings for next week discuss works that call attention to their means of production as a way of questioning the limits of the discourse of realist representation, of calling out against the silences of that which is unspoken. In his exploration of the materialist basis for modernist aesthetic development, he points to an interesting paradox: as space collapsed before the headlong expansion of international capitalism, place, oddly enough, gathered more importance in cultural awareness.
Spotlight Essay: Eugene Berman | Sam Fox School
And it is here that Harvey presents — I think — his most compelling image, and one that is valuable in an assessment of De Man: the image of a cubist painting, representing the disorder of Western Europe on the brink of World War I. Two possible results, perhaps, are war on the one hand and nihilism on the other — neither case being particularly amenable to the health of a society. His awareness is doubtless heightened if not simply caused by the rapid evolution of industry around him, moves to constantly increase speed and efficiency changing both the moments of life around him, and swiftness with which those changes come.
Hence his appreciation for such a man as Monsieur G. Monsier G. The effect, though, is to create beautiful objects moments? For such a task Monsieur G. Briefly put, his method boils down to this: he paints a moment in but a moment. Working with incredible intensity and speed, almost as if he might forget the moment he tries to restore, he in fact draws closer to it by taking almost only so long to portray it as the actual moment itself did. These which have changed again and again, uniquely modern in every age, and in our present modernity in fact lack all of the glitter he describes, instead a mottled mixture of browns and tans.
But the exhaustion, the overburdened nature of the infantry officer is true as well to eternity, and we draw the very same now out of the infantryman of our modernity; horseless, his burden is equally heavy, his duties give him the same exhaustion of years ago.
In trying in a moment to get at the ephemeral, the more eternal beauty is extracted, a touchstone our very own modernity and any yet to come. The producer. As you bring up, referring to De Man, literary history has crystallized moments in which man encounters existential self-doubt, and when he realizes that a chasm lies between knowledge and fact, an intellectual lacuna that provides space for alternative interpretations. Those interpretations are man-made, and cannot be decontextualized from their place in time and space, nor can they be disentangled from the subjectivity of the interpreter.
With the collapse of temporality and spatiality in the wake of the failed Revolution, Baudelaire developed within a society at once in motion and stagnated, industrial progress and social disorder, and in his own writing and thinking reflects the modernity he attempts to define even in the very inadequacy of his own definition.
DeMan cubist metaphor IS interesting because it represents both elements — That time and space are broken down with division of labor, imperialism and colonization, and international business expansion that allows for histories to be rewritten and voices changed, silenced, or amplified, revealing the past as subjective, not objective; as abstract, not empirical. In doing this, there is a crisis, a memory of ruination and destruction, a reminder of material fragility. For Baudelaire, acknowledging the fixity of material — to say art should be concrete, singular, and objective — flouts his very era and experience.
The present is a denial of or resistance to memory, to the doubt of the real or understood or expected, and to the determination of a single definition. Even in his own prose, Baudelaire employs such blending and blurring; his prose is poetic, his genres conflated, and his concern for normative cultural definitions of beauty almost nonexistent.
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Baudelaire distracts us with Monsieur G. In a world rapidly changing, when the physical dissipation of proletariat life and confidence in history, culture, politics, and spirituality are increasingly obvious, creating tension that produces no release, modernity appears to be an uncontainable, indefinable, and always re-presenting representation of a world remembering that it wants its memory erased. You must be logged in to post a comment. Transnational Modernisms. Skip to content. Home Films and Recordings General Comments.
About Professor Rubin Andrew N. In contemporary fascination with the figure of the zombie, the critique often falls into the realm of metaphor for the mindless capitalist consumer. Couch potatoes and those addicted to video games, online shopping, or the like are designated as zombies.
Those not out in the world, doing something. Or, in another interpretation, the zombie is the being that is controlled by another.
In Haitian voodoo, the individual is given a poisonous draught which will put her in an almost dead-like state. She becomes an unthinking pawn caught in the torrents of the crowd. These beings were quartered and consumed by the writing of them into a concrete literature. What does it mean to divide the world through sight or incorporation through eating? The zombie, the re-awakened dead, a walking corpse, is driven to survive by consuming human flesh.
Is he incorporating these new sites into his consciousness? Is his supposed total individuality a mere reaction to his realization that he is completely non-individual? Does he still walk among us? So, I end with a two-part question: how do we conceive of a continuum of consciousness and consumption? Home Issues Contributors About. Newsletter Tweet. Dilettante Mail Get updates from us a few times a year.